The Conch Bar Caves, located on Middle Caicos, is the largest above-ground cave system in the Bahamas-Turks and Caicos Islands archipelago. The caves are near their namesake village of Conch Bar. In the 1880s, the caves were mined for guano, which was exported as fertilizer.
Found off the main road into Middle Caicos, Indian Cave is a large single gallery cave with many openings and skylights.
Like nearly all sinkholes and caves found in the Turks and Caicos, Indian Cave was created by what is called the Karst process: the slow action of slightly acidic rain water dissolving the soft limestone as it drained to the water table.
Found two miles north down a dusty road from the tiny settlement of Lorimers on Middle Caicos are the ruins of Haulover Plantation. Founded by British Military Doctor John Lorimer in 1791, this plantation mainly produced cotton, but experiments with sisal were also carried out.
When granted to Dr. John Lorimer, the land that became Haulover Plantation originally consisted of 504 acres. However, the plantation was expanded when it was taken over by Wade Stubbs of Wade's Green Plantation at the time of Dr. John Lorimers death.
Located on the extensive and low-lying brush lands of Middle Caicos, the Caicos Pine Yard Trail is a tranquil and scenic half mile nature walk and the best place in the country to see the national tree of the Turks and Caicos – the local variety of the threatened Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis).
A unique and beautiful terrain surrounds this short trail. Along with the pines, majestic sabal palms, West Indian mahoganies, saw grass and thatch palms are abundant.